Snake poisoning in dogs

Snake bite poisoning is common in dogs as by nature dogs are curious, restless and usually explore their sorroundings with their nose and mouth. Snake bites are extremely painful and life threatening. The bites of non venomous can turn venomous if not treated. Snake bites occour mostly in face or extremities of dogs that stay outdoor . Snakes usually hibernate during winter months and are active during summer and so it takes place mostly during spring and summer months.
The above picture shows a dog recovering from snake bite on the fourth day of being bitten.
Snake can be poisonous or non poisonous.
Poisonous snakes are divided into
(a) Elapine (neurotoxic): Examples are Cobra, Mamba, Death Adder, Brown snake, Coral
(b) Vaperine (haemotoxic): Examples are Puff Adder, Rattle snake, European Adder
Neurotoxic signs are flaccid paralysis, respiratory paralysis. In case of haemotoxic venom, the toxins are released in the blood. Arterial thrombosis and necrosis are seen.


How to differentiate between poisonous and non poisonous snake?
In poisonous snake bite small rows of biting area along with two deep biting area on the sides are seen. In case of non-poisonous snake bite two rows of small biting areas are seen.

Poisonous snakes usually have a triangular or arrowhead-shaped head except in case of coral snake. Most poisonous snakes have vertical, elliptical (cat like) pupil whereas in case of non-poisonous snakes, the pupil are round and located in the center of the eye.
Most poisonous snakes has single row of scales on the underside of the tail, except in case of poisonous coral snake, which has a double row. A double row is common in most non-poisonous snakes.
Poisonous snake has sensory pit or hole located between its eyes and nostrils where as non-poisonous snakes lack these specialized sensory pits.

What are the signs and symptoms of snake poisoning?
Signs and symptoms depends on the number of times the dog was bitten, amount of snake venom in the dog. Bleeding occurs from the punctured wounds and the bitten area become swollen. There is bruising of the bitten area along with haemorrhage's on gums, lips and other areas of skin. In the initial period, the dog may collapse. Salivation, shock, trembling, vomiting occurs . The dog exhibit weakness, dilated pupils, difficulty in breathing, nausea, lethargy, flaccid paralysis and other neurological signs. There is possibility of blood in the urine.

How is snake bite diagnosed?
(a) History
(b) Clinical signs
(c) Fang marks
(d) Blood count
(e) Urinalysis
(f) EKG testing

How to treat snake bite poisoning in dogs?
Treatment should be given as soon as possible. Check the dog thoroughly to see if there is more than one wound. Do not wash the wound because it will increase venom absorption. Ice or other cooling agents should not be applied on the bite. Open the wound with a knife and sprinkle potassium permanganate crystals or damp Epsom salt. In case of rapid swelling apply a tourniquet above the biting site in the site between the bite and the heart. The movement of the dog should be limited. Take the dog to a vet as soon as possible. Polyvalent antivenin serum is given along with antibiotics, antihistamines, intravenous drip, tetanus toxoid, plasma expanders, diazepam.



How to prevent and control snake bite in dogs?
Rattle snake vaccines are available for dogs and cats but the vaccine remains controversial. To prevent and control snake bite in dogs the following should be done:
(a)Keep your yard clean, tidy, remove weeds and the grasses cut so that the snake cannot hide in those places
(b)Keep your pet away from holes and bushes where snakes usually rest
(c)Clean your yard from fallen fruits, bird food as rodents attracted to these and presence of rodents attracts the snake
(d)Plug up holes if you find holes in the ground
(e) If you see a snake head back the path you came
(f) Don't leave water containers lying around the yard
(g)Get some knowledge about the snake species prevelant in your area so that in case your dog is bitten, you can identify the snake.

99 comments:

  1. Blog is animal health care veterinary with respect to the Snake poisoning in dogs. The bites of non venomous can turn venomous if not treated. Snake bites occur mostly in face or extremities of dogs that stay out door.

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  7. It is not considered particularly dangerous for the snake. The dogs are the animals most commonly bitten by this snake.

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  8. Its very big whole of snake poison in dog's leg.Dog needs a special cure of his leg until he got complete right.

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  10. It is not considered particularly dangerous for the snake. The dogs are the animals most commonly bitten by these snakes, although the stings are painful.

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  11. If your dog is bitten by a snake may not need to worry, because most snakes are harmless.

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  12. Kinds of lethal snakes, and the research and medication of reptile content in most most dogs.

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  14. Dangerous as we can see. It's better to take extra care.

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  15. If your dog is attacked by a lizard, there may be no cause for worry, as a lot of snakes are nonpoisonous.

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  16. WebMD tackles common a similar stings and lizard articles in most dogs and how to quickly cure the injury.

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  18. Deadly snakes cause serious sickness or loss of life in many creatures each year. The toxins (venom) mainly impacts the general and/or anxious system. Most lizard articles in the United Declares are due to rattlesnakes, water moccasins, copperheads, and reefs snakes.

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  19. Snakes attack only when confronted or injured. Dogs' chronic fascination makes them subject to lizard articles.

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  23. Neurotoxic signs are flaccid paralysis, respiratory paralysis. In case of haemotoxic venom, the toxins are released in the blood. Arterial thrombosis and necrosis are seen.

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  24. How to confirm wether the snake was poisnus or not and what to do to save life.

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  25. at a few select interfaces characterized as “high-risk” for rodent-transmitted diseases, like around the homes of villagers and pastoralists, and in the shambas (fields) where rodents frequently feed on maize and other crops.

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  26. The movement of the dog should be limited. Take the dog to a vet as soon as possible. Polyvalent antivenin serum is given along with antibiotics, antihistamines, intravenous drip, tetanus toxoid, plasma expanders, diazepam.

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  27. Get some knowledge about the snake species prevelant in your area so that in case your dog is bitten, you can identify the snake.

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  28. Polyvalent antivenin serum is given along with antibiotics, antihistamines, intravenous drip, tetanus toxoid, plasma expanders, diazepam.

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  29. In case of haemotoxic venom, the toxins are released in the blood. Arterial thrombosis and necrosis are seen.

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  30. Most toxic snakes has individual row of machines on the bottom of the end, except in situation of toxic barrier reptile, which has a twice row. A twice row is typical in most non-poisonous snakes.

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  31. Most poisonous snakes has single row of scales on the underside of the tail, except in case of poisonous coral snake, which has a double row.

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  32. In case of haemotoxic venom, the toxins are released in the blood. Arterial thrombosis and necrosis are seen.

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  76. شما به هر حرفه ای که مشغول باشید، حتما به این موضوع فکر کرده اید که چقدر خوب بود که اگرفن بیان خوبی داشتید، اینکار را ما به راحتی به شما آموزش میدهیم فن بیان در واقع میزان نفوذ سخن شما در افراد را شامل می شود. یعنی اینکه صحبتهای ما به چه میزان در افراد اثرگذار خواهد بود. هنگامی که از فن بیان خوبی برخوردار نباشیم مدام نادیده گرفته می شویم و همین امر موجب می شود که اعتماد به نفس خود را از دست داده و دچار اضطراب گردیم. برای بهبود فن بیان روش های گوناگونی وجود دارد که هریک از این روشها از جنبه های گوناگون مورد سنجش و بررسی قرار گرفته است. ارتباط چشمی ، لبخند زدن و اشتیاق برخی از این راهها می باشد.

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